This course connects the study of the Earth’s composition, structure, processes and history; its atmosphere, fresh water and oceans; and its environment in space. Historical contributions in the development of scientific thought about the Earth and space are emphasized. The course focuses on the interpretation of maps, charts, tables and profiles; the use of technology to collect, analyze and report data; and the utilization of science skills in systematic investigation. Problem solving and decision making are an integral part of the course, especially as they relate to the costs and benefits of utilizing the Earth’s resources. Major topics of study include plate tectonics, the rock cycle, Earth history, the oceans, the atmosphere, weather and climate, and the solar system and universe. Students taking this course will take an end-of-course SOL test in Earth Science. Students must pass both the course and SOL test to earn a verified credit.